Historical Cultural immersion between the French and Vietnamese (The French Quarter)
The 'Ba Dinh' District or as it is more formally called the 'French Quarter'(Khu phố Pháp) is the political center of Vietnam. It is home to most government offices and embassies. It is also home to many different types of architecture and has many monuments from the French Colonial Project, the first in Vietnam. The French Quarter was first formed in 1875 after the French first occupied Hanoi.
An example of Colonial Architecture include the Hanoi Opera House which incorporates the grand Napoleonic Style of Architecture. It was essentially a smaller scaled version of the Paris Opera House and it was completed in 1911.
The St Joseph's Cathedral
St Joseph's Cathedral is another example of colonial architecture. It is a Roman Catholic Cathedral built in a neo-gothic style. It was built and completed by French missionaries in 1886. Today, it is the seat of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Hanoi.
The History Museum in Hanoi
The History museum in Hanoi opened in 1932 and was home to the 'École Française d’Extrême Orient' in Vietnam. The structure of the museum incorporates a blend of Chinese and French designs.
There are many more structures in and around the French Quarter which incorporate many designs from the French and other colonial powers as well.
Other Influences from the French
Other influences have also impacted Vietnam. Especially the cuisine, such as when the French introduced baguettes to Vietnam, which were then combined with Vietnamese stuffing to become a very popular fast food in Vietnam named bánh mi, also known as 'Vietnamese sandwich'. The French also brought to Vietnam onions, cauliflower, lettuce, potatoes, tarragon, carrot, artichoke, asparagus, and coffee. Onions were called hành tây (literally 'Western shallots'), asparagus are called măng tây (literally 'Western bamboo shoots') and potatoes were called khoai tây (literally “Western yam”) in Vietnamese. French-influenced dishes are numerous and not limited to dishes such as, xà lách (salad), pâté, patê sô (Brittany pasty named "paté chaud), bánh sừng trâu (croissant), bánh flan, ya ua (yogurt), rôti (rotisserie), bơ (butter), vịt nấu cam (duck à l'orange), ốp lết (omelet), ốp la (œufs au plat), phạc xi (farcies), bít tết (beefsteak), sốt vang (cooking with wine), dăm bông (jambon), xúc xích (saucisse).